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Fairchild Engine and Airplane Corporation

Fairchild Engine and Airplane Corporation
Item# 410


Fairchild Engine and Airplane Corporation
As war clouds gather in Europe, Fairchild's PT-19 becomes one of the first practical low-wing primary trainers and, after Pearl Harbor, more than 8,000 will be used by Allied pilots. Meanwhile, Fairchild builds the advanced AT-21 gunnery trainer using the "duramold" process and a "Ranger" engine. The war also brings an urgent need for his C-82 "Packet" used in dropping paratroopers,towing gliders, and transporting armored vehicles. During the war, Fairchild cameras document millions of square miles, of axis-held territory prior to the invasions. Later, the "Lark" anti-aircraft missile and the "Petrel" anti-submarine missile help defeat the Japanese in the Pacific.

With the return to peace, Fairchild's C-119 "Flying Boxcar" is ordered into production and 1100 will be built under the Mutual Defense Act. It serves as the workhorse of the United Nation's cargo fleet during the Korean war. Then, in 1953, Fairchild begins production of the C-123 "Provider" transport. Meanwhile, the 1950 brings diversification to Fairchild as its Divisions produce a midget submarine, missile jet engines, cockpit cooling systems, assemblies for B-52 bombers, and also the widely-used "Friendship" airliner goes into service in 1958.Among the most significant 1959 developments is the planar process, which leads to Fairchild becoming a major producer of semiconductor devices. By the early 1960's, Sherman has successfully converted his corporations into an important aerospace organization, as the national focus shifts to space exploration. The Fairchild-Stratos Corporation, formed in 1961, builds meteroid detection satellites for NASA. Later, Fairchild cameras are used in the Apollo missions to provide the first precise photography of the moon's surface. Acquisitions in the 1960's include Hiller Aircraft producing jet-powered helicopters and Republic Aviation producing the F-105 "Thunderchief" used in Vietnam.

The Fairchild Engine and Airplane Corporation was formed in 1936 by Sherman Fairchild.

Certificate: Common Stock, issued in the 1950s

Printer: Columbian Bank Note Company

Dimensions: 8 (h) x 12 (w)

State: MD-Maryland

Subject Matter: Airplane Manufacturers | Engine Makers

Vignette Topic(s): Allegorical Featured | Male Subject | Company Logo Featured

Condition: Vertical fold lines, punch hole cancels in the signature areas and body, and some toning from age.

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