The Franklin National Bank was founded as Franklin Square National Bank in 1926, changing its name to Franklin National Bank in 1947. Arthur T. Roth, whose printed signature appears on this piece, joined the bank in 1934 as head teller and became president in 1946. Under his leadership, Franklin National Bank introduced many banking innovations, such as the junior savings accounts (1947), the drive up teller window (1950), the bank credit card (1951), a no-smoking policy on banking floors (1958), outdoor teller machines at branch banks (1968) and the Franklin Savings Bond which later developed into the Certificate of Deposit (1969).
In 1964, Franklin opened branch offices in New York City, and in 1967 merged with Federation Bank & Trust Company. In 1968, Roth was removed as CEO by his protégé, Harold Gleason, after an alleged conflict of interest real estate scandal involving Donald Roth and the proposed airfield development at Calverton, NY. In 1970, Roth lost his position as Chairman and was pushed off the board of directors in favor of an influential future promised by Michele Sindona. Gleason then became Chairman and Chief Executive Officer, inviting Laurence Tisch to join as Vice Chairman as he was a 22% shareholder.
In 1972, Michele Sindona, a banker with close ties to the Mafia, the purportedly bogus Freemasonic Lodge P2, and the Nixon administration, purchased controlling interest in Long Island's Franklin National Bank, from Laurence Tisch, Chairman of Loews Corporation
, which owned hotels in Italy. Later the U.S. Comptroller of the Currency declared Tisch an unqualified director for reasons of conflict of interest, paving the way for Sindona to take over Franklin. Sindona paid more than Tisch had paid for the stock. Tisch was later sued by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) for breach of fiduciary duty with respect to the sale of his shares to Sindona.
As a result of his acquisition of a controlling stake in Franklin, Sindona finally had a money laundering operation to aid his alleged ties to Vatican Bank and the Sicilian drug cartel. Sindona used the bank's ability to transfer funds, produce letters of credit, and trade in foreign currencies to begin building a banking empire in the U.S. Allegedly Sindona used his influence in the Republican Party and the Nixon administration to ensure that his background did not inhibit his ability to become Vice Chairman and largest stockholder in the bank. Unfortunately Sindona began to suffer huge losses in the foreign exchange markets, and decides to defraud the bank of $30,000,000 to cover his losses, which brought the bank below its capital needs to operate. In mid-1974, management revealed huge losses and depositors started taking out large withdrawals, causing the bank to have to borrow over $1 billion from the Federal Reserve Bank. On October 8, 1974, the bank was declared insolvent due to mismanagement and fraud, involving losses in foreign currency speculation and poor loan policies.
In 1975, Peter Shaddick, the former executive vice-chairman of the bank's international division, pled guilty to fraud. Following their 1979 trial in Federal District Court in New York, Gleason, Paul Luftig, the bank's former president and chief administrative officer, and J. Michael Carter, a former senior vice president, were convicted of falsifying financial records. The Italian lawyer and liquidator of Sindona's Italian financial empire, Giorgio Ambrosoli, provided the US Justice Department with evidence to convict Sindona for his role in the collapse of the Bank.
Ambrosoli was killed by a Mafia hitman commissioned by Sindona in July 1979. In 1980, "mysterious Michele" was convicted in the United States and in 1984 was extradited to Italy. In March 1986, he died of cyanide poisoning while serving a life sentence. Some sources indicate he was murdered, while others indicate he committed suicide. Franklin's assets were later purchased by European American Bank, itself later acquired by Citigroup
Close Up of Vignette:
Common Stock Certificate, issued in the 1960’sPrinter: De La Rue Bank Note Company Dimensions:
8” (h) x 12” (w)State: NY-New York Subject Matter: Finance and Related
| Banks and Credit Unions
| Scandals and Collapses Vignette Topic(s): Famous Americans Featured
| Ben Franklin Featured Condition:
Vertical fold lines, punch hole and pen cancels in the signature areas and body, some toning and edge faults from age.